Scientists have tracked down a genetic mutation which took place 6,000-10,000 years ago and is the cause of the eye color of all blue-eyed humans alive on the planet today. New research shows that people with blue eyes have a single, common ancestor.
Why did humans develop blue eyes?
A team of scientists has tracked down a genetic mutation that leads to blue eyes. The mutation occurred between 6,000 and 10,000 years ago. … The mutation affected the so-called OCA2 gene, which is involved in the production of melanin, the pigment that gives color to our hair, eyes and skin.
Are blue eyes the result of inbreeding?
However, the gene for blue eyes is recessive so you’ll need both of them to get blue eyes. This is important as certain congenital defects and genetic diseases, such as cystic fibrosis, are carried by recessive alleles. Inbreeding stacks the odds of being born with such conditions against you.
What was the original eye color of humans?
Originally, all humans had brown eyes. Some 6,000 to 10,000 years ago, a genetic mutation affecting one gene turned off the ability to produce enough melanin to color eyes brown causing blue eyes. This mutation arose in the OCA2 gene, the main gene responsible for determining eye color.
Are blue eyes going extinct?
Blue eyes are indeed becoming less common in the world. One study showed that about 100 years ago, half of U.S. residents had blue eyes. … Another reason blue eyes are declining is because they were at an artificially high level before. In the past, blue-eyed people tended to have kids with other blue-eyed people.
Who was the first blue eyed person?
Who was Cheddar Man? Cheddar Man was a Mesolithic hunter-gatherer (fully modern human) with dark skin and blue eyes. He was about 166 centimetres tall and died in his twenties. His skeleton was uncovered in 1903 during improvements to drainage for Gough’s Cave, a popular tourist attraction.
What’s the rarest eye color?
The production of melanin in the iris is what influences eye color. More melanin produces a darker coloring, while less makes for lighter eyes. Green eyes are the rarest, but there exist anecdotal reports that gray eyes are even rarer. Eye color isn’t just a superfluous part of your appearance.
Are all babies eyes blue when born?
Melanin determines several aspects of our appearance. And while we have the least amount when we enter the world for the first time, remember that babies may be born with eyes of blue, brown, hazel, green, or some other color. It’s simply a myth that all of us — or most of us, for that matter — are blue-eyed at birth.
What country has the most blue eyes?
Countries With The Most Blue-Eyed People
|Rank||Country||Percentage of Population That is Blue-Eyed|
Do I have GREY eyes?
According to the Eye Doctors of Washington website, gray eyes, unlike blue eyes, often have flecks of gold and brown in them. If you look closely, you may even see gray eyes changing color. Depending on what a person is wearing and what color light they are in, a person’s gray eyes may appear gray, blue, or even green.
Are red eyes real?
People with red eyes do not actually have red irises. Most people’s blood vessels are obscured by the pigment in their irises, but for people lacking melanin in their irises due to albinism, the blood vessels are visible enough to create a pink or red appearance.
Where do GREY eyes come from?
Gray eyes are most common in Northern and Eastern Europe. Scientists think gray eyes have even less melanin than blue eyes. Gray eyes scatter light differently, which makes them pale.
What is the third rarest eye color?
About 27% of Americans have blue eyes, making it the third rarest eye color.
Can you have red hair and blue eyes?
And when you meet a red head with blue eyes, you are looking at the rarest colour combination of all for human beings. Around 17 per cent of people have blue eyes, and when combined with 1-2 per cent having red hair, the odds of having both traits are around 0.17 per cent.
Will blondes go extinct?
BBC NEWS | Health | Blondes ‘to die out in 200 years’ The last natural blondes will die out within 200 years, scientists believe. A study by experts in Germany suggests people with blonde hair are an endangered species and will become extinct by 2202.