Possible risk factors include: Age. Age is the greatest risk factor for cataracts. Age-related cataracts may develop between 40 and 50 years old.
Can a cataract develop suddenly?
Cataract development is usually a gradual process of normal aging, but can occasionally occur rapidly. Many people are unaware that they have cataracts because the changes in their vision have been so gradual. Cataracts commonly affect both eyes, but it is not uncommon for cataracts in one eye to advance more rapidly.
What age do you normally get cataracts?
In most people, cataracts start developing around age 60, and the average age for cataract surgery in the United States is 73. However, changes in the lenses of our eyes start to affect us in our 40’s.
What are some typical symptoms of cataracts developing?
Signs and symptoms of cataracts include:
- Clouded, blurred or dim vision.
- Increasing difficulty with vision at night.
- Sensitivity to light and glare.
- Need for brighter light for reading and other activities.
- Seeing “halos” around lights.
- Frequent changes in eyeglass or contact lens prescription.
- Fading or yellowing of colors.
What causes cataracts to develop quickly?
Trauma-related cataracts are typically the most fast-growing type of cataracts. Radiation: Radiation-related cataracts, sometimes listed under trauma-related cataracts, occur after the lens has been exposed to radiation. Exposure to high levels of radiation can result in clouded vision in as little as two years.
How fast does cataract progress?
Most age-related cataracts can progress gradually over a period of years. It is not possible to predict exactly how fast cataracts will develop in any given person. Some cataracts, especially in younger people and people with diabetes, may progress rapidly over a short time.
What do early-stage cataracts look like?
The symptoms of early-stage cataracts include mild eye blurriness and cloudiness, early sensitivity to light and glare, and an ever-increasing eye strain. Sudden headaches, seeing flashes of lights, sudden vision changes, and double vision could also be symptoms of early to immature stages of cataracts.
At what stage should cataracts be removed?
In most cases, you need surgery when blurry vision and other symptoms of a cataract starts to interfere with daily activities like reading or driving. There is no drug or eye drop to prevent or treat cataracts. Removing them is the only treatment.
What does vision look like with cataracts?
Cataract Symptom: Blurry Vision
Blurry vision at any distance is the most common symptom of cataracts. Your view may look foggy, filmy, or cloudy. Over time, as the cataracts get worse, less light reaches the retina. People with cataracts may have an especially hard time seeing and driving at night.
What are the 3 types of cataracts?
There are three primary types of cataracts: nuclear sclerotic, cortical and posterior subcapsular.
- Nuclear Sclerotic Cataracts. …
- Cortical Cataracts. …
- Posterior Subcapsular Cataracts.
Can you see a cataract in the mirror?
At some point, the maturing lens begins to opacify, blocking and scattering the light entering the eye. If left untreated, a cataract will naturally continue to progress. In some cases, the maturing cataract becomes completely white and can be seen in the mirror or by others.
How do doctors diagnose cataracts?
Using a slit lamp or a special device called an ophthalmoscope, your eye doctor can examine your lens for signs of a cataract. Applanation tonometry. This test measures fluid pressure in your eye. There are multiple different devices available to do this.
Can glasses improve vision with cataracts?
While prescription glasses cannot directly treat or cure cataracts, the right prescription lenses can help to correct blurry vision and other vision problems caused by cataracts. For example, many people who have cataracts will experience a change in their corrective vision prescription.
How can I prevent my cataracts from getting worse?
5 ways to keep cataracts from getting worse
- Have regular eye exams. …
- Watch your blood sugars if you have diabetes. …
- Stop smoking. …
- Reduce alcohol consumption. …
- Eat a balanced diet. …
- Wear sunglasses.
Can you get rid of cataracts without surgery?
Unfortunately, there’s no way to get rid of cataracts without cataract surgery. Some ophthalmologists are exploring alternatives, but at this time, only cataract surgery can cure your cataracts.
Is cataract surgery painful?
Cataract surgery is not painful. While patients are awake during surgery, there is little or no discomfort involved. A mild sedative may be administered before the surgery, which calms the nerves, and eye drops are used to numb the eye.