How do you identify different types of cataracts?

How do you know what type of cataract you have?

Types of cataracts

  1. Cataracts affecting the center of the lens (nuclear cataracts). …
  2. Cataracts that affect the edges of the lens (cortical cataracts). …
  3. Cataracts that affect the back of the lens (posterior subcapsular cataracts). …
  4. Cataracts you’re born with (congenital cataracts).

What are the 3 kinds of cataracts?

There are three primary types of cataracts: nuclear sclerotic, cortical and posterior subcapsular.

  • Nuclear Sclerotic Cataracts. …
  • Cortical Cataracts. …
  • Posterior Subcapsular Cataracts.

What are the 5 types of cataract?

There are 5 main types of cataracts.

  • Age-related cataract. As you age, a cataract can develop because of natural changes in the lens of your eye. …
  • Traumatic cataract. Serious eye injuries can damage your lens and cause a cataract. …
  • Radiation cataract. Certain types of radiation can cause cataracts. …
  • Pediatric cataract.

What do severe cataracts look like?

Cataract Symptom: Blurry Vision

Blurry vision at any distance is the most common symptom of cataracts. Your view may look foggy, filmy, or cloudy. Over time, as the cataracts get worse, less light reaches the retina. People with cataracts may have an especially hard time seeing and driving at night.

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At what stage should cataracts be removed?

In most cases, you need surgery when blurry vision and other symptoms of a cataract starts to interfere with daily activities like reading or driving. There is no drug or eye drop to prevent or treat cataracts. Removing them is the only treatment.

What is a 2+ cataract?

These cataracts can be graded on a scale of trace to 4+, with trace being barely any visible opacification. Grade 1+ is when <5% of the posterior capsule is obscured, and Grade 2+ is when approximately 30% of the capsule is obscured.

Which is the most common type of cataract?

A nuclear cataract is the most common type of age-related cataract. It is caused by the hardening and discoloration (yellowing) of the lens. This type of cataract forms deep in the central area, or nucleus of the lens. Over time, this type of cataract changes the eye’s ability to focus.

What are blue cataracts?

Listen. Cerulean cataracts are opaque areas that develop in the lens of the eye that often have a bluish or whitish color. They may be present at birth or develop in very early childhood, but may not be diagnosed until adulthood.

How do doctors diagnose cataracts?

Using a slit lamp or a special device called an ophthalmoscope, your eye doctor can examine your lens for signs of a cataract. Applanation tonometry. This test measures fluid pressure in your eye. There are multiple different devices available to do this.

How can you tell the difference between mature and immature cataracts?

Mature cataract: This is a cataract that is opaque, totally obscuring the red reflex. It is either white or brunescent. Immature cataract: This is a cataract characterized by a variable amount of opacification, present in certain areas of the lens.

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What is the rarest cataract?

Hyperferritinemia-cataract syndrome is an extremely rare genetic disorder characterized by the early onset of cataracts associated with persistently elevated levels of ferritin in the blood plasma. Ferritin is a protein that binds to iron and is used as an indicator of the body’s iron stores.

What is a sunflower cataract?

Sunflower cataract (SC) is considered a second ophthalmic sign of WD and has been called pathognomonic for WD [8–14]. SC consists of a thin, centralized opacification that is located directly under the anterior capsule and encompasses between one-third and one-half of the anterior lens pole surface area.

How fast does cataract progress?

Most age-related cataracts can progress gradually over a period of years. It is not possible to predict exactly how fast cataracts will develop in any given person. Some cataracts, especially in younger people and people with diabetes, may progress rapidly over a short time.

Can cataracts affect peripheral vision?

Cataracts are the gradual clouding of the clear lens of the eye. In some cases, it may cause some peripheral vision loss, but it can be treated with surgery.

Can you see cataracts in someone’s eyes?

Cataracts often appear to be almost a white or cloudy film forming on the eyeball. It may be visible to others or if in early stages or at the back of the eye it may not. Cataracts are caused by the proteins in the eye clumping and causing the cloudy film.